Effects on Fantasies

Part: 
Four
Chapter: 
3

Only one study has examined the effects of sexually explicit materials on fantasies. Malamuth (1981) presented two groups of male subjects with a slide-audio show. One version depicted rape and the other showed a mutually-consenting sexual encounter. Analyses of sexual fantasies which subjects were later asked to create and write down indicated that those exposed to the rape version were more likely to create aggressive sexual fantasies.

Aggressive sexual fantasies appear to be fairly common among certain groups of offenders. Gebhard, et al., (1965) found that "patterned rapists" or those who raped repeatedly, were significantly more likely than incidental rapists to often engage in sadomasochistic fantasies (twenty percent versus zero percent). Walker and Meyer (1981) found four in five of their rapists to report primarily deviant sexual fantasies while Abel, Becker and Skinner (1985) similarly reported aggressive sexual fantasies among their outpatient sexual assaulters. What role pornography, particularly violent pornography, plays in the construction of these fantasies remains to be answered.