Method

Part: 
Four
Chapter: 
9

Six major cities were selected for inclusion in the investigation, based in part on their proximity to the Commission offices in Washington, D.C. The six cities selected were Washington, D.C.; Baltimore, Maryland; Miami, Florida; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; New York, New York; and Boston, Massachusetts. In each city, "adults only" pornographic outlets were selected randomly by listing all of the identifiable outlets and selecting specific outlets for investigation using a table of random numbers.[2254] The investigative instruments were designed to identify the city, outlet, type of material (magazine, book, or film), and a variety of specific details about the forms of conduct portrayed and the participants portrayed. In addition to a coding form which was completed for each item included in the investigation, the other materials available for sale in each outlet were also recorded. In each outlet, the total number of magazine titles, film titles and book titles was recorded.

Completion of the coding forms was done by trained investigators.[2255] In addition to their investigative experience and training, the coders were trained specifically for this project in a uniform training session in which all were instructed on the forms to be used, the manner of completing the forms, the technique for random selection, and the distinctions necessary to complete the forms (e.g., the distinction between whipping and spanking) and the specific selection procedures to be used. These selection procedures included selecting every magazine sold as new merchandise which had one or more photographs on the front cover, every fifth book going from left to right and from top to bottom which had one or more visual depictions on the front cover, and every fifth film with one or more photographs on the box front. Pamphlets, packets of photographs, and tabloid newspapers were excluded. For magazines, books and films, duplicate titles were eliminated so that a particular issue of a magazine was only coded once. If multiple copies were available for sale, that item was only coded once.

The following number of outlets were investigated in each city: Washington, D.C., four (4); New York, New York, three (3); Baltimore, Maryland, three (3); Boston, Massachusetts, three (3). An effort to study outlets in Miami, Florida was aborted when an individual requested that the investigators discontinue their work. Eighty-five forms were coded in Miami, before the investigation was halted and these specific items are noted in Miami are contained within the list of specific titles observed. Likewise, an effort to study two outlets in Philadelphia had to be terminated because the investigators were asked to leave the premises by a person purporting to "represent the owner." In neither Philadelphia outlet was data collection completed. A total of 350 magazines, 115 books, and 105 films had been coded in Philadelphia before data collection was halted. The specific titles observed in Philadelphia are, however, included in the list of titles which follow.

Notes

  1. In New York, the random selection had been made at the time of the earlier study referred to in footnote 2309. Of the four stores studied earlier, three were identified. The fourth was no longer found at the previous location, thus, three of the four stores selected previously were investigated.
  2. Investigators included an Arlington County, Virginia, Police Department detective, Edward H. Chapman; a Washington, D.C., Metropolitan Police Department detective, Joseph B. Haggerty; a United States Postal Service inspector, Daniel L. Mihalko, and special agents of the United States Customs Service, David H. Borden, and Ramon Martinez.