RECOMMENDATION 36

Part: 
Three
Chapter: 
2

The President's Commission on Uniform Sentencing should consider a provision for a minimum of one year imprisonment for any second or subsequent violation of Federal law involving obscene material that depicts adults

The Commission has received considerable evidence with regard to the disparity in sentences obscenity law violators receive.[384] Congress has enacted the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984. The President's Commission on Uniform Sentencing is a result of this Act.[385] According to the Department of Justice,

The principal goal of the Sentencing Reform Act is to establish a uniform, determinate federal sentencing system that will accomplish the purpose of just punishment, deterrence, incapacitation, and rehabilitation. This goal is to be achieved primarily through the use of sentencing guidelines established by a Presidentially appointed Sentencing Commission, which will be composed of seven full time members and a staff. At least three members must be active federal judges who will not be required to resign from the bench to serve on the Commission. The initial set of guidelines is to be completed in eighteen months. In the course of its work, the Commission will examine the offense and offender characteristics that judges now consider in making sentencing determinations, and will determine which of those should be reflected in the guidelines, which ones occur so infrequently that they should not be considered in the guidelines but might justify a departure from the guidelines, and which ones should not affect the sentence at all.[386]

In addition, the President's Commission on Uniform Sentencing should specifically consider the problems associated with sentencing obscenity law violations.

Notes

  1. Defendants Sentenced in United States District Courts by Major Offenses for the Twelve Month Period Ended June 30, 1981:

    MAJOR OFFENSE
    IMPRISONMENT
    TITLE/SECTION
    AND LEVEL
    DEFENDANTS
    PRISON MONTHS
    PROBATION MONTHS
    FINE
    18
    18
    18
    1461
    1461
    1461
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
    2
    1
    1
    60
    120
    180
    60
    60
    15,000
    20,000
    18
    1461
    9810
           
    18
    18
    1462
    1462
    FELONY
    9820
    1
    12
       
    18
    18
    1462
    1462
    FELONY
    9910
           
    18
    18
    18
    1465
    1465
    1465
    FELONY
    FELONY
    9820
    1
    1
    18
    24
    60
    5,000
    15,000


    MAJOR OFFENSE
    PROBATION
    TITLE/SECTION
    AND LEVEL
    DEFENDANTS PROBATION
    MONTHS
    FINE
    18
    18
    18
    18
    1461
    1461
    1461
    1461
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
    1
    1
    1
    1
    24
    36
    48
    60
    5,000
    18
    1461
    9810
         
    18
    18
    1462
    1462
    FELONY
    9820
    2
    24
    500
    18
    18
    1464
    1464
    FELONY
    9910
         
    18
    18
    18
    1465
    1465
    1465
    FELONY
    FELONY
    9820
    3
    2
    12
    24
     


    MAJOR OFFENSE
    IMPRISONMENT
    TITLE/SECTION
    AND LEVEL
    DEFENDANTS
    PRISON
    MONTHS
    PROBATION
    MONTHS
    FINE
    18
    18
    18
    18
    1461
    1461
    1461
    1461
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
           
    18
    1461
    9810
           
    18
    18
    1462
    1462
    FELONY
    9820
    1
    6
    24
     
    18
    18
    1462
    1462
    FELONY
    9910
           
    18
    18
    18
    1465
    1465
    1465
    FELONY
    FELONY
    9820
           


    MAJOR OFFENSE
    FINE ONLY
    TITLE/SECTION
    AND LEVEL
    DEFENDANTS
    PROBATION
    MONTHS
    OTHER SENTENCES
    18
    18
    18
    18
    1461
    1461
    1461
    1461
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
         
    18
    1461
    9810
         
    18
    18
    1462
    1462
    FELONY
    9820
         
    18
    18
    1464
    1464
    FELONY
    9910
         
    18
    18
    18
    1465
    1465
    1465
    FELONY
    FELONY
    9820
    3
    1
    15,000
    200,000
     


    DEFENDANTS SENTENCED IN UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURTS BY MAJOR OFFENSES FOR THE TWELVE MONTH PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 1982

    MAJOR OFFENSE
    IMPRISONMENT
    TITLE/SECTION
    AND LEVEL
    DEFENDANTS
    PRISON
    MONTHS
    PROBATION
    MONTHS
    FINE
    18
    18
    18
    1461
    1461
    1461
    FELONY
    FELONY
    9810
    1
    1
    60
    108
    60
     
    18
    18
    18
    1462
    1462
    1462
    FELONY
    FELONY
    9820
    1
    1
    48
    60
    60
    12,500
    18
    18
    1462
    1462
    FELONY
    9910
           
    18
    18
    1462
    1462
    FELONY
    9910
           
    18
    18
    1465
    1465
    FELONY
    9820
    1
    18
    60
    5,000


    MAJOR OFFENSE
    PROBATION
    TITLE/SECTION
    AND LEVEL
    DEFENDANTS
    PROBATION
    MONTHS
    FINE
    18
    18
    18
    1461
    1461
    1461
    FELONY
    FELONY
    9810
    1
    1
    36
    60
     
    18
    18
    18
    1462
    1462
    1462
    FELONY
    FELONY
    9820
    1
    2
    12
    12
    1,000
    18
    18
    1464
    1464
    FELONY
    9910
         
    18
    18
    1465
    1465
    FELONY
    9820
    3
    12
     


    MAJOR OFFENSE
    FINE ONLY
    TITLE/SECTION
    AND LEVEL
    DEFENDANTS
    AMOUNT
    OTHER
    SENTENCES
    18
    18
    18
    1461
    1461
    1461
    FELONY
    FELONY
    9810
         
    18
    18
    1462
    1462
    FELONY
    9820
    1
    5,000
     
    18
    18
    1462
    1462
    FELONY
    9910
         
    18
    18
    1465
    1465
    FELONY
    9820
    1
    20,000
     

    DEFENDANTS SENTENCED IN UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURTS BY MAJOR OFFENSES FOR THE TWELVE MONTH PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 1983

    MAJOR OFFENSE
    IMPRISONMENT
    TITLE/SECTION
    AND LEVEL
    DEFENDANTS
    PRISON
    MONTHS
    PROBATION
    MONTHS
    FINE
    18
    18
    18
    18
    18
    1461
    1461
    1461
    1461
    1461
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
    1
    1
    60
    108
    60
    5,000

    MAJOR OFFENSE
    PROBATION
    TITLE/SECTION
    AND LEVEL
    DEFENDANTS
    PROBATION
    MONTHS
    FINE
    18
    18
    18
    18
    18
    1461
    1461
    1461
    1461
    1461
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
    1
    2
    1
    1
    2
    24
    36
    36
    36
    48
    1,000
    1,500
    2,000


    MAJOR OFFENSE
    FINE ONLY
    TITLE/SECTION
    AND LEVEL
    DEFENDANTS
    AMOUNT
    OTHER SENTENCES
    18
    18
    18
    18
    18
    1461
    1461
    1461
    1461
    1461
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
    1
    5,000
     

    DEFENDANTS SENTENCED IN UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURTS BY MAJOR OFFENSES FOR THE TWELVE MONTH PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 1984

    MAJOR OFFENSE
    IMPRISONMENT
    TITLE/SECTION
    AND LEVEL
    DEFENDANTS
    PRISON
    MONTHS
    PROBATION
    MONTHS
    FINE
    18
    18
    18
    18
    1461
    1461
    1461
    1461
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
    1
    1
    36
    60
       
    18
    1462
    FELONY
           
    18
    18
    18
    1465
    1465
    1465
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
    1
    1
    24
    36
       


    MAJOR OFFENSE
    PROBATION
    TITLE/SECTION
    AND LEVEL
    DEFENDANTS
    PROBATION MONTHS
    FINE
    18
    18
    18
    18
    1461
    1461
    1461
    1461
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
    1
    1
    4
    24
    36
    60
     
    18
    18
    1462
    1462
    FELONY
    9820
         
    18
    18
    18
    1465
    1465
    1465
    FELONY
    FELONY
    9820
    1
    12
     


    MAJOR OFFENSE
    SPLIT SENTENCES
    TITLE/SECTION
    AND LEVEL
    DEFENDANTS
    PRISON
    MONTHS
    PROBATION
    MONTHS
    FINE
    18
    18
    18
    18
    1461
    1461
    1461
    1461
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
      3
       
    18
    1461
    9810
           
    18
    18
    1462
    1462
    FELONY
    9820
    1
    6
    24
     
    18
    18
    1462
    1462
    FELONY
    9910
           
    18
    18
    18
    1465
    1465
    1465
    FELONY
    FELONY
    9820
           


    MAJOR OFFENSE
    FINE ONLY
    TITLE/SECTION
    AND LEVEL
    DEFENDANTS
    AMOUNT
    OTHER SENTENCES
    18
    18
    18
    18
    1461
    1461
    1461
    1461
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
    1
    15,000
     
    18
    1461
    9820
     
     
     
    18
    18
    1462
    1462
    FELONY
    9820

     
     
    18
    18
    1462
    1462
    FELONY
    9910
     
     
     
    18
    18
    18
    1465
    1465
    1465
    FELONY
    FELONY
    9820
    3
    1
    15,000
    200,000
     

    DEFENDANTS SENTENCED IN UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURTS BY MAJOR OFFENSES FOR THE TWELVE MONTH PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 1985

    MAJOR OFFENSE
    IMPRISONMENT
    TITLE/SECTION
    AND LEVEL
    DEFEN-
    DANTS
    PRISON
    MONTHS
    PROBATION
    MONTHS
    FINE
    18
    18
    18
    18
    18
    1461
    1461
    1461
    1461
    1461
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
    9810
    1
    6
       
    18
    18
    1462
    1462
    FELONY
    9820
           
    18
    18
    1464
    1464
    FELONY
    9910
           
    18
    18
    18
    1465
    1465
    1465
    FELONY
    FELONY
    9820
           


    MAJOR OFFENSE
    PROBATION
    TITLE/SECTION
    AND LEVEL
    DEFEN-
    DANTS
    PROBATION
    MONTHS
    FINE
    18
    18
    18
    18
    1461
    1461
    1461
    1461
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
    2
    3
    3
    4
    24
    36
    48
    60
     
    18
    1461
    9810
         
    18
    18
    1462
    1462
    FELONY
    9820
    1
    3
    36
    60
     
    18
    18
    1464
    1464
    FELONY
    9910
         
    18
    18
    18
    1465
    1465
    1465
    FELONY
    FELONY
    9820
         


    MAJOR OFFENSE
    SPLIT SENTENCES
    TITLE/SECTION
    AND LEVEL
    DEFEN-
    DANTS
    PRISON
    MONTHS
    PROBATION
    MONTHS
    FINE
    18
    18
    18
    18
    1461
    1461
    1461
    1461
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
    5
         
    18
    1461
    9810
           
    18
    18
    1462
    1462
    FELONY
    9820
           
    18
    18
    1462
    1462
    FELONY
    9910
           
    18
    18
    18
    1465
    1465
    1465
    FELONY
    FELONY
    9820
    1
         


    MAJOR OFFENSE
    FINE ONLY
    TITLE/SECTION
    AND LEVEL
    DEFEN-
    DANTS
    AMOUNT
    OTHER SENTENCES
    18
    18
    18
    18
    1461
    1461
    1461
    1461
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
    FELONY
         
    18
    1461
    9810
         
    18
    18
    1462
    1462
    FELONY
    9820
         
    18
    18
    1462
    1462
    FELONY
    9910
         
    18
    18
    18
    1465
    1465
    1465
    FELONY
    FELONY
    9820
         

    Source: Administrative Offices of the United States Courts.

  2. United States Department of Justice, Handbook on the Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984 and other Criminal Statutes Enacted by the 98th Congress 31 (1984).
  3. Id.