1. Terminology and Distinctions

Part: 
Four
Chapter: 
2

Those who appear in sexually-explicit material, from stills to movies to video tapes, have been variously called "actors," "models," "stars," and "sex workers" during the course of our public hearings. None of these terms seems perfectly appropriate as a description of what such activity involves: the first three seem euphemistic, the last derogatory. We adopt the term "model" not only because it seems to have been the one most commonly used during our hearings, but also because it seems to be somewhat less loaded with positive and negative connotations.[926]

It is important to qualify that definition instantly, however, by limiting its range of application to sexually-explicit material that is commercially produced. As we will discuss later, a substantial portion of photographic pornography is made informally, with little or no monetary motive and no intention of widespread distribution. While such small-scale productions are of real concern to us, those who appear in them seem to be at least largely distinct from those who perform in glossier, commercial "X" rated material. Where it-is important in the following discussion to refer to those appearing in noncommercial pornography, we will do so specifically. And where we wish to refer both to those appearing in commercial and noncommercial pornography, we will simply use the term "performers."

Notes

  1. In choosing to use the terms "model" and "modeling" in this context we of course mean no disrespect to those engaged in conventional modeling-nor do we mean to imply that appearing as the subject of a sexually-explicit film is more similar to conventional modeling than it is, for example to conventional acting. See, C. Hix & M. Taylor, Male Model, p. 181 (1979) ("The disapproval engendered by nude modeling spills over into the world of straight modeling, though to a lesser degree, merely because the root word 'model' is used in both cases. 'Model' is also a euphemism for an entirely different profession [prostitution].")